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Previous 30 Newer Entries Showing entries 31 to 42

Displaying posts with tag: Xtrabackup (reset)

The new hotness in open-core: InnoDB
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There’s lots of buzz lately about the so-called “open-core” business model of Marten Mickos’s new employer. But this is nothing new. Depending on how you define it, InnoDB is “open-core,” and has been for a long time. The InnoDB Hot Backup (ibbackup) tool was always closed-source. Did anyone ever cry foul and claim that this made InnoDB itself not open-source, or accuse Innobase / Oracle of masquerading as open-source? I don’t recall that happening, although sometimes people got suspicious about the interplay between the backup tool and the storage engine. Generally, though, the people I know who use InnoDB Hot Backup have no gripes about paying for it.

What is the

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A backup today saves you tomorrow
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Whether you’re working with MySQL, MySQL Cluster, or any other RDBMS, every database with a requirement for persistent data should always have a backup. As a Production DBA you’re the insurance policy to safeguard the data. Bad things do happen. Backups are your safety net to ensure you always have a way to recover should the worst happen and the database becomes irreparable.

There are many ways to produce a consistent backup of MySQL, I have listed a few of the options available below; Remember backups are your safety net, failing to retrieve a consistent backup when you need it most can be a very career limiting move, so no matter what backup method you choose always test your backups!

Logical Backups
The ever popular mysqldump is a

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OpenSQLCamp Videos online!
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OpenSQLCamp was a huge success! I took videos of most of the sessions (we only had 3 video cameras, and 4 rooms, and 2 sessions were not recorded). Unfortunately, I was busy doing administrative stuff for opensqlcamp for the opening keynote and first 15 minutes of the session organizing, and when I got to the planning board, it was already full….so I was not able to give a session.

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Video: Building a MySQL Slave and Keeping it in Sync
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Last night at the Boston MySQL User Group I presented on how to get a consistent snapshot to build a slave, how to use mk-table-checksum to check for differences between masters and slaves on an ongoing basis, and how to use tools such as mk-table-sync and mysqldump to sync the data if there are any discrepancies.

The slides are online at http://technocation.org/files/doc/slave_sync.pdf.

The video can be watched on youtube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Un0wqYKmbWY or directly in your browser with the embedded player below:

Taste test: Innobackup vs. Xtrabackup
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Firstly, I have to thank my co-workers Singer Wang and Gerry Narvaja for doing a lot of the work that resulted in this comparison.

After running both InnoDB Hot Backup and Xtrabackup, we have found that there is a measurable but not large difference between the resources that Xtrabackup and InnoDB Hot Backup consume.

Xtrabackup:

  • Free

  • takes 1.1% longer (2 min during a 3 hour backup)

  • uses 1.4% more space (1G more in a 70G backup — this was for uncompressed backups)

  • uses 1.115% more cpu overall

  • split as 0.12% user, 0.66% nice, 0.025% system, 0.31% more iowait,





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Tool of the Day: rsnapshot
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rsnapshot is a filesystem snapshot utility for making backups of local and remote systems, based on rsync. Rather than just doing a complete copy every time, it uses hardlinks to create incrementals (which are from a local perspective a full backup also). You can specify how long to keep old backups, and all the other usual jazz. You’d generally have it connect over ssh. You’ll want/need to run it on a filesystem that supports hardlinks, so that precludes NTFS.

In the context of MySQL, you can’t just do a filesystem copy of your MySQL data/logs, that would be inconsistent and broken. (amazingly, I still see people insisting/arguing on this – but heck it’s your business/data to gamble with, right?)

Anyway, if you do a local mysqldump also, or

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MySQL 5.1 and InnoDB Hot Backup Gotcha
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Recently while we were building a slave with a newer version of MySQL 5.1 from an InnoDB Hot backup, the following error occurred when we ran mysql_upgrade:

mysql.time_zone                                    OK
mysql.time_zone_leap_second                        OK
mysql.time_zone_name                               OK
mysql.time_zone_transition                         OK
mysql.time_zone_transition_type                    OK
mysql.user                                         OK
Running 'mysql_fix_privilege_tables'...
ERROR 13 (HY000) at line 311: Can't get stat of './mysql/general_log.CSV' (Errcode: 2)
ERROR 13 (HY000) at line 316: Can't get stat of './mysql/slow_log.CSV' (Errcode: 2)
FATAL ERROR: Upgrade failed

The problem is that in MySQL 5.1, it is possible to log the slow query log and general log to tables in the mysql schema

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Copying InnoDB tables between servers
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The feature I announced some time ago http://www.mysqlperformanceblog.com/2009/06/08/impossible-possible-moving-innodb-tables-between-servers/ is now available in our latest releases of XtraBackup 0.8.1 and XtraDB-6.

Now I am going to show how to use it (the video will be also available on percona.tv).
Let's take tpcc schema and running standard MySQL ® 5.0.83, and assume we want to copy order_line table to different server. Note I am going to do it online, no needs to lock or shutdown server.

To export table you need


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First Issue of Open Source Database Magazine Released!
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I just uploaded the pdf of the summer issue of Open Source Database Magazine. Included in this issue:

  • A great article on the new features of Postgresql 8.4 by Robert Treat
  • Part one of a two part article on Percona’s new XtraBackup backup program

Also the news, the book shelf and Peter Brawley’s Coding Corner. Downloads are available at http://www.osdbzine.net.


Concerns and What Does Not Work in XtraDB Backup
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A short time ago I posted how I was Using XtraDB Backup to backup InnoDB. Overall, the blog post was positive, but experiences that others have had (and commented to on that blog post) have made me want to put out another short article about using XtraDB backup.

The first few points remain the same — the backup process is stable, we were able to use the binaries without compiling, and using Innobackupex as the wrapper script, analogous to Innobackup.pl.

However, we did figure out why Xtrabackup had to be run as the mysql user:

Xtrabackup writes to the data dictionary file (ibdata1, for example). We have not examined if it also writes to the data and index files (still ibdata1 by default, or the .ibd files when using innodb_file_per_table). [EDIT: The

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Using Xtradb Backup
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As Baron points out, Percona’s Xtrabackup tool can be used just like InnoDB Hot Backup.

Many are wondering, “is it good enough?” In fact, I wondered the same thing, and after a few weeks of using and testing Xtrabackup (on machines that have MyISAM and InnoDB tables), I can say:

0) We have not run into any problems with backing up InnoDB tables; on the machines we’ve run it on (RHEL 5.3 and Debian) it has been stable.

1) We were able to use one of the binaries provided by Percona — we did not have to compile anything. Binaries are provided for 64-bit versions of Linux

2) Innobackupex is the script analogous to Innobackup. Basically, this is a wrapper script for

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Xtrabackup is for InnoDB tables too, not just XtraDB
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Just thought it was worth pointing out that Percona Xtrabackup is not just for XtraDB. It works great for InnoDB tables, too.

So if mysqldump can’t handle it anymore, LVM snapshots kill your server and you don’t want to buy proprietary backup software, you might take a look at Xtrabackup.

Related posts:

  • Hindsight on a scalable replacement for InnoDB A while ag
  • Restoring from a mysqldump into tables with triggers This is ac
  • What is the scalable replacement for
  •   [Read more...]
    Previous 30 Newer Entries Showing entries 31 to 42

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