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Displaying posts with tag: Security (reset)

SSL Performance Overhead in MySQL
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NOTE: This is part 1 of what will be a two-part series on the performance implications of using in-flight data encryption.

Some of you may recall my security webinar from back in mid-August; one of the follow-up questions that I was asked was about the performance impact of enabling SSL connections. My answer was 25%, based on some 2011 data that I had seen over on yaSSL’s website, but I included the caveat that it is workload-dependent, because the most expensive part of using SSL is establishing the connection. Not long thereafter, I received a request to conduct some more specific benchmarks surrounding SSL usage in MySQL,

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MySQL Connect HOL content posted
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Just a quick post to note that the content from my hands-on lab at MySQL Connect (“MySQL Enterprise Features in Practice”) has been uploaded to the content catalog, and can be found here.  This includes the 36-page lab manual and example commands and programs (mostly in Java; the package includes both compiled and source code).  For those who attended the lab, this is an opportunity to complete the exercises we didn’t get to in the 2.5 hours, and for those who missed it, an opportunity to learn more about the features and capabilities of key MySQL Enterprise products and features such as MySQL Enterprise Audit plugin, MySQL Enterprise Monitor

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Creating custom rules in MySQL Enterprise Monitor
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Quite some time ago, I published scripts to implement password policies for MySQL, and promised to show how to expose violations of that policy via MySQL Enterprise Monitor (MEM).  That stalled somewhat with other objectives, but I want to revisit it now that MEM 3.0 is GA.  If you haven’t tried MEM 3.0 yet, consider doing so – it’s quick and easy to set up.

Many people don’t realize that MEM can be extended to monitor things beyond MySQL Server health, including visibility into application state as

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Introducing audit_login: simple MySQL login logfile based auditing
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audit_login is a simple MySQL login auditing plugin, logging any login or login attempt to log file in JSON format.

It seems that audit plugins are all the rage lately... We've developed out simple plugin a month ago as part of our database securing efforts; by auditing any login or login attempt we could either intercept or later investigate suspicious logins.

However we quickly realized there is much more to be gathered by this info.

In very short, you install this plugin onto your MySQL server, and your server starts writing into a text file called audit_login.log entries such as follows:

{"ts":"2013-09-11
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News : MariaDB Audit Plugin beta is out
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By going to the download section of  SkySQL website  some users have noticed “MariaDB Audit Plugin”. This auditing feature for MySQL has been requested by more and more customers. Legal constraints make it mandatory for more and more companies to keep logging information about database access and activity.

It is very important for the MySQL [...]

Implementing a host blacklist with MySQL privileges
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When I saw Shlomi’s recent post which asked (in part) for blacklist support in MySQL, I started thinking about ways in which this could be done using the tools we have today.  Here’s the example requirements Shlomi noted:

Speaking of whitelist, it would be great to have a host blacklist. If I wanted to grant access to ‘gromit’@’192.168.%’ except for ’192.168.10.%’ — well, I would have to whitelist all the possible subnets. I can’t exclude a set of hosts.

I think that’s entirely possible without the overhead of whitelisting all possible subnets – let’s give it a go!

This solution will rely on the fact that the first step in

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MySQL security top wish list
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Security seems to have no boundaries. I've been tightening our database security lately, and it seems like this could go on forever: from app to console to privileges to server, there are so many aspects to managing database security. Unfortunately, this is a field where MySQL is in particular weak, and with very little work done in the many years I've been working with MySQL.

My very own top-wanted security features for MySQL follows. Surely this is but a small subset, your mileage may vary.

Autherntication-only SSL

By default, MySQL client API is unencrypted and passwords are sent in cleartext. MySQL supports SSL, but it an "all or nothing" deal: if you want to use SSL, then everything goes by SSL: any query, SELECT, DDL and whatnot.

[UPDATE]: Thanks to Davi & Jan for correcting me on this: passwords are not sent via

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Tungsten-Replicator 2.1.1 with better installation and built-in security
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UPDATE 2013-08-30: Tungsten 2.1.2 was released.

UPDATE 2013-08-23: We have found a few problems that happen when replicating with RBR and temporal columns. We will have to publish an updated bugfix release quite soon.

Tungsten Replicator 2.1.1 is out. Key features in this release are:

  • A better installer, of which we have already given a preview in tpm, the multi-master composer. The new installer allows faster and more powerful deployments of both single and multiple masters topologies. And it also allows the next feature:
  • Secured communication layer. Now the replicator data and

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Understanding max_connect_errors
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To only slightly misquote one of the greatest movies of all times:

You keep using that option.  I do not think it means what you think it means.

 

Perhaps like many users, I had certain assumptions about what max_connect_errors really does – but in looking closely as part of investigating the new PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA.HOST_CACHE table in MySQL 5.6, I learned that some very fundamental elements had escaped my notice.  I’m writing this blog post to help others who hold similar misconceptions of what this option does.

Many, if not most, MySQL DBAs are familiar with “host blocked”

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MySQL 5.6 users – prevent host blocked errors
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The much-improved PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA in MySQL 5.6 provides visibility into MySQL’s host cache, including the ability to monitor for impending blocked hosts.  You can do this with the following query:

mysql> SELECT
    ->  ip,
    ->  host,
    ->  host_validated,
    ->  sum_connect_errors
    -> FROM performance_schema.host_cache\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
                ip: 192.168.2.4
              host: TFARMER-MYSQL.wh.oracle.com
    host_validated: YES
sum_connect_errors: 3
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

That’s helpful information, and allows DBAs to identify problematic hosts before they are blocked.  Due to Bug#69807,

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10 Newer Entries Showing entries 31 to 40 of 257 10 Older Entries

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