Restarts are required for certain, infrequent maintenance activities. Note that there is no loss of service while a single node restarts.
When a data node restarts, it first attempts to load the data into memory from the local log files and then it will catch up with any subsequent changes by retrieveing them from the surviving node(s) in its node group.
Based on this, you would expect the time taken to restart a data node to be influenced by:
The times will also be influenced bycertain configuration parameters, performance of the host machine and whether the multi-threaded data node (ndbmtd) is being used.