Showing entries 1 to 10 of 37
10 Older Entries »
Displaying posts with tag: lvm (reset)
LVM read performance during snapshots

For the same customer I am exploring ZFS for backups, the twin server is using regular LVM and XFS. On this twin, I have setup mylvmbackup for a more conservative backup approach. I quickly found some odd behaviors, the backup was taking much longer than what I was expecting. It is not the first time I saw that, but here it was obvious. So I recorded some metrics, bi from vmstat and percent of cow space used from lvs during a backup. Cow space is the Copy On Write buffer used by LVM to record the modified pages like they were at the beginning of the snapshot. Upon reads, LVM must scan the list to verify that there’s no newer version. Here’s the other details about the backup:

  • Filesystem: 2TB, xfs
  • Snapsize: 60GB
  • Amount to backup: ~600GB
  • Backup tool: mylvmbackup
  • Compressor: pbzip2

[Read more]
Log Buffer #282, A Carnival of the Vanities for DBAs

Blogging is the way to express an idea in an informal way by a person, who has either worked with it, or planning to work with it, or has seen it at work. In databases, ideas are the foundations of everything, and these Log Buffer Edition is presenting ideas from bloggers in Log Buffer #282. [...]

Linus on Instantiation and Armadaification

I feel a sense of pride when I think that I was involved in the development and maintenance of what was probably the first piece of software accepted into Debian which then had and still has direct up-stream support from Microsoft. The world is a better place for having Microsoft in it. The first operating system I ever ran on an 08086-based CPU was MS-DOS 2.x. I remember how thrilled I was when we got to see how my friend’s 80286 system ran BBS software that would cause a modem to dial a local system and display the application as if it were running on a local machine. Totally sweet.

When we were living at 6162 NE Middle in the nine-eight 292, we got an 80386 which ran Doom. Yeah, the original one, not the fancy new one with the double barrel shotgun, but it would probably run that one, too. It was also …

[Read more]
The blog was down yesterday

The brief outage was due to a scheduled move of the servers to a separate rack and subnet dedicated to our work with the Center for Information Assurance & Cybersecurity (ciac) at the University of Washington Bothell (uwb), and

I am currently exercising the new (to us) equipment and hope to winnow the less than awesome equipment over the next quarter. I spent the last six months finding the best in breed of the surplussed DL385 and DL380 chassis we (work) were going to have recycled. The team and I were able to find enough equipment to bring up one of each with eight and six gigs of memory, respectively. These will make excellent hypervisors for provisioning embedded instances of Slackware, Fedora, RHEL, CentOS, Debian, FreeBSD, OpenSolaris, OpenIndiana, FreeDOS, etc.

When I initially configured this xen paravirt environment, I failed to plan for integration with libvirt, so I am now re-jiggering the software bridges so …

[Read more]
Vote for MySQL[plus] awards 2011 !

First of all, I wish you a happy new year.
Many things happened last year, it was really exciting to be involved in the MySQL ecosystem.
I hope this enthusiasm will be increased this year, up to you !

To start the year, I propose the MySQL[plus] Awards 2011
It will only take 5 minutes to fill out these polls.
Answer with your heart first and then with your experience with some of these tools or services.

Polls will be closed January 31, so, vote now !
For “other” answers, please,  let me a comment with details.

Don’t hesitate to submit proposal for tools or services in the comments.
And, please, share these polls !


Note: There is a poll embedded within this post, …

[Read more]
Join us at the OTN Sys Admin Day for Oracle Linux and Solaris on Sep. 22nd, Seattle (WA)

Last week we concluded our first Oracle Technology Network Sys Admin Day in Sacramento (CA). Well, it was actually the second Sys Admin Day, but the first one that had two parallel tracks of sessions about both Oracle Linux and Oracle Solaris.

I helped preparing for the event by creating the Linux lab handbook as well as the VirtualBox appliance of Oracle Linux 6.1 that was used for the exercises. Unfortunately I could not be there in person, but it would have been pointless for me to go on an intercontinental flight just for one day.

From the feedback we've received so far, the attendees really enjoyed the event and were positively surprised about the depth and quality of the practical hands-on lab sessions.

If you've missed the first one and happen to live …

[Read more]
On LVM: How to setup Volume Groups and Logical Volumes.

LVM (Logical Volume Management) is a very important tool to have in the toolkit of a MySQL DBA. It allows you to create and extend logical volumes on the fly. This allows me to, say, add another disk and extend a partition effortlessly. The other very important feature is the ability to take snapshots, that you can then use for backups. All in all its a must have tool. Hence, this guide will allow you to understand various terminologies associated with LVM, together with setting up LVM volumes and in a later part will also show you how to extend...

451 CAOS Links 2011.05.03

Novell sold to Attachmate. Barnes & Noble throws the book at Microsoft. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and, and daily at
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Novell closed its acquisition by Attachmate and its patent sale to CPTN.

# Attachmate’s CEO discussed the company’s plans for SUSE Linux.

# Barnes & Noble …

[Read more]
Spreading .ibd files across multiple disks; the optimization that isn’t

Inspired by Baron's earlier post, here is one I hear quite frequently -

"If you enable innodb_file_per_table, each table is it's own .ibd file.  You can then relocate the heavy hit tables to a different location and create symlinks to the original location."

There are a few things wrong with this advice:

  1. InnoDB does not support these symlinks.  If you run an ALTER TABLE command, what you will find is that a new temporary table is created (in the original location!), the symlink is destroyed, and the temporary table is renamed.  Your "optimization" is lost.
  2. Striping (with RAID) is usually a far better optimization.  Striping a table across multiple disks effectively balances the  'heavy hit' access across many more disks.  With 1 disk/table you are …
[Read more]
Using LVM snapshot filesystems for development database instances

The Problem

Developers often need to have a development database copy of the live production system you are using in able to allow them to test their code and to test new functionality and make schema changes to the database for this new functionality to work.

That’s normal and happens everywhere. A typical DBA task is to make a copy of the live system, sometimes to remove any confidential or sensitive information which perhaps the development database users should not be able to see, and then give them access to this development instance. The developers then “hack away”, changing their code and perhaps things in the database until they are ready to put these new changes into production when they then come along and discuss how to apply these changes into the live systems.

Once the development database has been created it soon becomes stale so often the developers want a new up to date copy …

[Read more]
Showing entries 1 to 10 of 37
10 Older Entries »